Trabajo en inglés: Vocabulario

Trabajo en inglés: Vocabulario ; La mayoría de las personas trabajan para ganarse la vida. ¡Trabajamos para sobrevivir, pagar las cuentas y, a veces comprarnos cosas bonitas! En esta lección aprenderemos vocabulario, phrasal verbs y modismos relacionados con el trabajo.

 

¿Cómo preguntamos por el trabajo de alguien en inglés?

La pregunta más común para saber acerca del trabajo de alguien es: “What do you do?”

Otras formas de preguntar por el trabajo de alguien:

PreguntasRespuestas
Can I ask what you do?

(Esta forma es más educada.)

 

What do you do for a living?

 

What kind of work do you do?

 

What line of work are you in?

 

I work for the largest bank in the country.

I work on equities and investments.

I manage a team of investors. I have ten people under me.

I deal with different businessmen.

I work with managers and owners of different businesses.

One of my responsibilities is to make sure that the money they invested will prosper.


¿Cuáles son los tipos de trabajo y de salario?

 

Tipos de trabajoSignificadoTraducción
full-time jobwork for a full number of hours considered standard or normaltrabajo a jornada completa
part-time jobwork fewer hours/day than what is normaltrabajo a tiempo parcial
flexitimework in a chosen time to start and finishhorario flexible
overtimework more than the required hours in the contracthoras extras
permanent joba job that doesn’t finish at a period of timetrabajo fijo
temporary joba job that finishes at a period of timetrabajo temporal

Diferentes tipos de modalidades laborales en inglés

Jimmy works part-time in the coffee shop.

He’s hunting for a permanent job now that his wife is pregnant.

We always work overtime to hit our target.

I can settle for a temporary job to get by my daily expenses.

 

¿De qué forma expresamos la pérdida de un trabajo o qué dejamos un trabajo?

 

Dejar un trabajoto resign

to quit

to leave

to retire (dejar de trabajar por jubilación o por enfermedad)

Perder un trabajoto be dismissed

to be fired

to get fired

to get the sack

to get the chop

to lose your job

to let someone go / to be let go

to be made redundant (perder un trabajo porque ya no te necesitan más)

She is getting tired of her routine job, so she decided to leave the company

He is about to lose his job. He is always absent and comes to work late.

 

 

Phrasal verbs de trabajo en inglés: Vocabulario

Phrasal verbsSignificadoEjemplo
work offhacer ejercicio para quitarte estrés o perder pesoI love going to the gym at the weekend. It helps me work off all the stress of the week.
work onmejorar o desarrollarThe IT guys are working on a new platform for billing.
work outterminar bien

encontrar una respuesta o solución

hacer ejercicio

I’m so glad everything worked out for you.

That’s a difficult calculation. Give me a minute to work it out.

work overasaltar o pegar

 

The poor old man was worked over by some boys.
work throughtratar con, resolver un problemaYou two need to site down and work through these issues.
work upcausar un estado emocional

llegar a algo a través de la preparación

Everyone is getting worked up about the deadline.

Paula worked up a list of topics to discuss at the meeting.

work aroundencontrar el camino para resolver un problemaThe servers are down for the moment but you’ll just have to work around that.

Phrasal Verbs con el verbo work en inglés

Expresiones y modismos con work

ExpresionesSignificadoEjemplo
work the systemaprovechar el sistema para obtener lo que quieresHelen has worked the system and she’s been very successful.
in the worksactualmente siendo producido o desarrolladoThere’s a new computer program in the works so that we can deal with customer enquiries.
works like a charmcuando algo funciona perfectamenteI tried a stronger glue and it worked like a charm.
work wonderstener un efecto muy positivo para resolver un problemaYou should go out get some fresh air – it’ll work wonders for your mood.
put to workasignar un trabajo o hacer que alguien trabajeThe manager puts me to work in the finance department.
out of workno tener trabajoShe’s been out of work for a month now.

 

all in a day’s workalgo es muy rutinario y no fuera de lo comúnYou’re very welcome, Mrs Gray. I’m glad I could fix your pipes. All in a day’s work.
all work and no play (makes Jack a dull boy)alguien está trabajando duro y no tiene tiempo para jugar y disfrutarYou have been working hard. Remember, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Go out and enjoy yourself for a change.
piece of workes difícil llevarse bien con alguienIt’s difficult to talk to her. She’s a piece of work.

 

dirty workhacer un trabajo poco ético o deshonestoMy boss makes me do all the dirty work, like when he asked me to fire his secretary!
work up a sweatponer mucho esfuerzo en algoShe wrote all the reports, made the presentation, greeted everyone before and after the session – and she barely worked up a sweat! She’s amazing!
have your work cut out for youtener mucho trabajo por hacer para lograr una meta / objetivoThis is going to be a difficult job – you’ve got your work cut out for you.

Ejercicios sobre Trabajo en inglés: Vocabulario

1.1 Une la columna A con la columna B. Encuentra el significado del phrasal verb a través de la oración de ejemplo.

AB
1.       work off (c)a.       We have been up all night preparing for this proposal, and we’re glad that the boss approved it.
2.       work on (b)b.       You have to improve or develop your communication skills.
3.       work out (e)c.       She was so stressed with her job, so she decided to release it by exercising.
4.       work over (d)d.       They really beat him badly. He’ll be in hospital for a few days.
5.       work through (f)e.       Things didn’t go as they expected, but it ended nicely though.
6.       work up (a)f.        It took him months to deal with his anger.
7.       work around (g)g.       You have no paper and the printer has run out of ink. Don’t worry I think I’ve found a solution.

 

Elige la mejor respuesta.

  1. My mother works in the government. She can have this job as long as she likes, or she can leave at retirement age. My mother has a (permanent job / temporary job). (permanent job)
  2. Sheila works in a shop from 8 in the morning till noon. She has to go to university at 1 pm. She has a (part-time job / full-time job). (part-time job)
  3. Daisy works in the library from 9 am till 5 pm. She has a (part-time job / full-time job). (full-time job)
  4. Theodore goes to work anytime he wants. He’s free to choose his time. He works on (flexitime / part-time). (flexitime)
  5. Liza works at the office from 9 am till 5 pm, but sometimes she works until 9 pm. She does a lot of (overtime / flexitime). (overtime)
  6. Henry wasn’t doing well in his job so he was (fired / retired). (fired)

 

Ejercicio de comunicación sobre trabajo en inglés: Vocabulario

  1. Do you have a permanent job or a temporary job?
  2. Do you work full-time or part time?
  3. How many jobs you have had before getting a permanent job?
  4. Is it better to have a job or to have your own business?
  5. How long do you plan to stay in your current job?