¿Qué son los phrasal verbs?: Phrasal Verbs- Verbo To Come Los phrasal verbs son verbos acompañados por una partícula que modifica el significado del verbo al que acompañan. Esta partícula puede ser tanto una preposición como un adverbio. Los phrasal verbs son importantes porque son muy comunes en el inglés informal. Son difíciles de entender porque generalmente su significado es muy diferente del que podríamos deducir del significado del verbo o de la preposición o adverbio que lo acompaña. Aprender el correcto uso de los phrasal verbs te ayudará a sonar natural en una conversación casual.
En esta lección usaremos el verbo COME como un phrasal verb, que expresa movimiento o cambio de estado y algo que ocurre. Usaremos también otros significados de phrasal verbs con COME.
Movimiento o cambio de estado Phrasal Verbs- Verbo To Come
|come along||llegar o aparecer||My brother badly needs a job. If an opportunity comes along, he’s willing to take it.|
|come along||llegar a un lugar||Only a few people were given the invitation, but many came along to the party.|
|come along||ir a algún lugar con alguien||Liz decided to come along with me to the party to see the celebrities.|
|come along||decirle a alguien que se de prisa||Come along, Harry. The school bus is leaving. You’ll be late for school.|
|come along||mejorar, desarrollar o hacer un progreso||How are your parents coming along after the death of their cat?|
|come apart||separar en pedazos||I was shocked when the mobile phone rang, so I dropped it. Now, it’s coming apart.|
|come around or come round||volver a ser consciente de nuevo||The doctor was with me all the time, especially when I came around after my operation.|
|come around or come round||aceptar finalmente la forma de pensar de uno||I think the management will come around to our way of seeing the proposal.|
|come out||conocerse, salir a la luz||No secret is a secret forever. The truth will come out sooner or later.|
|come out||salir después de un periodo en un lugar como un hospital, la cárcel, etc.||He’s been in jail for over a week, but he’ll be coming out in the next few days.|
|come out||salir, entregar a alguien (resultados o información)||When do my laboratory results come out? I can’t wait any longer.|
|come out||salir, desaparecer o hacerse menos fuerte (suciedad o color en ropa o un material)||Soak your shirt overnight, so the blood stain will come out.|
Algo que ocurre Phrasal Verbs- Verbo To Come
|come off||ocurrir de manera exitosa o como estaba planeado||I’m not sure if my surprise will come off but I have been planning this for a long time.|
|come about||ocurrir, especialmente algo que no está planeado||I’ve had to organize the Christmas party again this year. I’m not sure how this came about.|
|come up||surgir o mencionar||Only if the issue comes up in the meeting will I tell the committee about the problem.|
|come up||ocurrir de forma inesperada, generalmente un problema o situación difícil||I was ready to leave for office, but something very important came up.|
|come up against||encontrar, tener que lidiar con una situación difícil||We decided to open a new branch of our restaurant downtown, but we’ve come up against a few problems with the papers.|
|come up with||producir un plan o idea||How did you ever come up with that absurd idea?|
|come across||descubrir o encontrar de casualidad||The staff came across someone who looked really familiar.|
|come to||tomar una decisión sobre algo||You’ve got to come to a decision: are you taking the offer or not?|
|come to||recuperar la conciencia||She fainted when she heard the news that she’d won the lottery jackpot, but she came to quickly.|
|come down to||depender principalmente de||I guess the management’s decision will come down to the results of the feasibility study.|
|come down with||enfermarse con||The CEO had planned to hold the inauguration yesterday, but he came down with flu.|
|come back||volver||Our cat disappeared and we were very worried. But after three days he came back.|
|come before||ser más importante que||My children’s needs come before my own.|
|come forward||presentarse como voluntario||Nobody wants to accept the new project. Thanks to Phil who came forward and saved the whole team.|
|come upon||encontrar o descubrir||The police came upon a stock guns in an abandoned warehouse.|
Ejercicios Phrasal Verbs
Completa estas oraciones con los phrasal verbs entre paréntesis. Usa los tiempos verbales apropiados.
- How’s your thesis _____ ? You only have a few weeks left before the deadline. (coming along)
- My father lost his job. He’s been job hunting for quite some time now. If an opportunity _____ , he’ll grab it right away. (comes along)
- You’ll have to tell us eventually. Sooner or later, your secret will _____ . (come out)
- The teacher was supposed to be here for the exam, but something very important _____ . (came up)
- We bumped into each other and my laptop fell and the whole thing _____ . (came apart)
- When will the entrance exams result _____ ? I can’t wait any longer. (come out)
- I heard your mother’s operation was successful. When is she _____ of the hospital? (coming out)Completa las conversaciones usando los siguientes phrasal verbs.
come up come before come up with come down with
Karen: I was expecting you at the meeting yesterday because you made the proposal. It’s only you who knows the details about it.
Liza: I’m really sorry. I was already on my way here, yet something very important _____ . (came up)
Karen: You could’ve at least called, you know.
Alice: We’ll let you know when we have _____ a final decision. We’ll do a lot of deliberation to avoid any problems. (come up with)
Eva: I understand your concern, Alice. I hope to hear from you soon.
Alice: Sure thing, we’ll let you know the soonest.
Sheila: The chairman was scheduled to be at the opening of the new branch of the hotel, unfortunately, he _____ high fever. He was rushed to the hospital. (came down with)
Henry: Everyone is required to be at the conference.
Diane: I’m afraid I can’t attend that said conference. There are more important things that _____ that I can’t leave unattended. (come before)
Henry: I know that but I expect everyone to be there.
Cambia las palabras subrayadas con el phrasal verb correcto usando
- When you go through that door, you can never return. (come back)
- The commander asked for people who are willing to help, but nobody volunteered. (came forward)
- Due to the changing weather conditions, my father became sick with (came down with)
- If by chance you discover a solution to the problem, you can share it with everybody. (come across)
- We encountered several issues when we tried to set up the computer? (came up against)
Ejercicios de comunicación.
- If you encounter a difficult situation that requires you to choose between family and company, which will you choose?
- What do you think is one of the best solutions you can think of to eradicate the issue of identity theft?
- Is climate change real or this is something that people come up with? Cite at least one evidence of climate change.