En esta lección aprenderemos algunos de los phrasal verbs más comunes con DOWN.
Listado Phrasal Verbs con down
|cortar para que caiga al suelo||They chopped down that big oak tree down the road.|
They’re cutting down the rainforests to plant palm trees.
|weigh down||llevar demasiado (problemas, responsabilidades)||Hannah felt weighed down by the responsibilities of the job so she asked for help.|
|load down||cargar con demasiadas cosas||I was loaded down with two suitcases and a bag so I couldn’t run for the bus!|
|take down||escribir algo, especialmente lo que alguien dice||I’ll take down your name and phone number and a sale representative will call you tomorrow.|
|write down||escribir algo en un papel, para no olvidarlo||Where’s the PIN number? I know I wrote it down on a piece of paper somewhere.|
|keep down||detener el número, nivel o tamaño de algo que aumenta||Can you please keep the noise down? I’m trying to study.|
|cut down (on)||comer o beber menos de algo en particular||I have cut down on the amount of coffee I drink.|
|shut down||apagar||We had to shut down the whole computer system to stop the virus spreading.|
|close down||cerrar un negocio||My dad is closing down his bakery after 40 years in business.|
|fall down||caer al suelo||The old man tripped on something and fell down in the middle of the street.|
|turn down||rechazar||The job offer was good but I decided to turn it down because I’d heard bad things about the company.|
|turn down||disminuir el volumen o la intensidad||Can you turn down the music, please? I can’t hear what you’re saying.|
|slow down||disminuir la velocidad||I’m really looking forward to my holidays. I’ll be able to slow down and take it easy.|
|wolf down||comer con mucho hambre||Jack wolfed down his breakfast and ran out of the house.|
|dress down||vestir de manera sencilla||It wasn’t a formal dinner party so we decided to dress down. I wore jeans and a shirt.|
|crack down (on)||tomar medidas enérgicas||The government is cracking down on violent crime.|
|break down||perder el control de las emociones||When he talked about his ex-wife, he broke down. I don’t think he’s over her yet.|
|break down||dejar de funcionar||Communication between the management and the factory staff broke down so they went on strike.|
|come down||descender o caer||The cat climbed into the tree and he wouldn’t come down, so we had to call the fire brigade.|
|come down||caer de las nubes||The rain was coming down really hard so we decided to take a taxi.|
|come down||reducir al elemento esencial||It all comes down to cost – we’re not interested in doing this it if it’s too expensive.|
|come down||caer enfermo||I’ve got a fever and I feel really tired. I’m coming down with a virus.|
|come down (on)||criticar||The boss came down very hard on Larry for messing up this deal. He was furious.|
|hunt down||perseguir o capturar algo o a alguien||I hunted down all these old photos of us from when we lived in Manchester.|
|settle down||hacer que alguien se calme||We tried to settle Penny down but she was very upset.|
|settle down||establecerse||Tom and Fiona settled down in a nice neighbourhood, got married and had three children.|
|wear down||desgastar||The stress of the job wore me down so I quit.|
|water down||aguar||The president watered down his speech because he didn’t want to upset the audience.|
Ejercicios de Phrasal Verbs con down
Elige el significado correcto de los phrasal verbs con down utilizados en la oración.
- She has a history of psychological problems, that’s why she breaks down easily. (lost control of one’s emotions)
- The car broke down this morning, so I had to take a cab going to work. (stopped functioning)
- She looked so elegant as she came down the stairs. (descended)
- Snow is coming down tonight, so everyone is excited. (fall from the clouds)
- She came down with flu last week. (became sick)
- I don’t know what her problem is. Why does she always coming down so hard on everything that I do? (criticizing)
- After the earthquake, everyone tried to settle down. (to become calm)
- I have always dreamed of settling down in a different country. (start living a quiet family life)
- Though the offer was good, Harry still turned it down. (rejected)
- Please turn the volume down of the TV. I can’t hear the person on the phone. (decrease)
Elige el phrasal verb correcto.
- I had to cut down / weigh down the branches of the tree to let them fall to the ground. (cut down)
- She is gaining ten pounds in a week. She decided to cut down / chop down on sweets, especially chocolates. (cut down)
- The business is not doing well in the last years, so they decided to close down / shut down and sell the company. (close down)
- The machine is in trouble. The factory had to shut down / close down for maintenance. (shut down)
- You’re driving too fast. Please slow down / calm down. (slow down)
- I haven’t eaten all day. When I got home, I wolfed down / cracked down two sandwiches and a pizza. (wolfed down)
- The police are hunting down / cracking down the suspect who killed the woman. (hunting down)
- The baby’s energy wears down / settle down after playing for almost half a day. (wears down)
- I watered down / wore down my email. I was going to be much more direct. (watered down)
- Every Friday, she dresses down / breaks down. She puts on simple and comfortable clothes. (dresses down)
- Evacuees keep coming here. We have to keep down / turn down the number of evacuees in this site and move the others to the next evacuation centre. (keep down)
- I easily forget things so I have to write down / take down what I have to do every day. (write down)
- She took down / wrote down my name and address and said she0d be in touch. (took down)
Ejercicio de speaking
- What foods have you been cutting down on recently?
- Are you married? How old were you when you settled down? If not, at what age are you planning to settle down?
- Have you come down with an illness recently? Tell more about it.
- Have you turned down a very good job offer but didn’t regret it even a bit? Tell more about it.
- Have you experienced breaking down in front of people? What happened?