Verbo auxiliar have got y have

Verbo auxiliar have got y have; El verbo have aparece mucho en inglés. Se usa como verbo auxiliar  en los tiempos perfectos . También se usa como verbo modal de obligación (have to) . En esta lección aprenderemos más sobre los diferentes usos de have got y have.

¿Cómo se usa have got y have?

Cuando have got y have significa lo que alguien ‘posee’, se puede usar cualquier forma en presente y tienen el mismo significado.

I’ve got / have a new car.

She has got / has a new baby.

John hasn’t got / doesn’t have a job, yet.

We haven’t got / don’t have much time left before the grand opening.

verbo auxiliar have got inglés

Se usa el presente de have got y has cuando hablamos de posesiones, enfermedades, relaciones. No se usa en los tiempos continuos.

Relaciones I’ve got / have a new boyfriend.

I’ve got / have a girlfriend.

not I’m having a new boyfriend.

not I’m having a girlfriend.

Enfermedades She’s got(has) a fever/stomachache/ toothache/ a cold/ a cough/ a sore throat / a high temperature, etc. not I’m having a fever/stomachache/ toothache/ a cold/ a cough/ a sore throat / a high temperature, etc.
Posesiones Jimmy has got (has) a new mobile phone.

Therese has got (has) a new house.

not Jim is having a new mobile phone.

not Therese is having a new house.

En los tiempos pasados, se usa had en oraciones afirmativas y did/didn’t have en oraciones negativas e interrogativas.

Kevin had a huge house and fast car but he lost everything.

We didn’t have enough time to study for the State exams.

Didn’t they have a phone to call us?

Did the children have the energy to play yesterday?

Para la forma del verbo modal have to, se usa have got to en oraciones afirmativas solo en presente.

I have to go now. / I’ve got to go.

Jenny has to make a presentation. / Jenny has got to make a presentation.

¿Cuáles son algunas expresiones comunes con have?

En las expresiones con have, no se usa have got. Se pueden usar las formas continuas de have.

          breakfast / lunch / dinner

a meal / a sandwich / a pizza

a cup of coffee / a glass of milk

a bath / a shower

have   a rest / a holiday / a party

a nice time / a good journey

a walk / a swim / a game

a dream / an accident

a baby

a look at

a clue

She’s having breakfast with her family.

I’ll have a sandwich for my snacks.

My mother always had a cup of coffee in the morning.

He was having a bath when I called.

The company is having a party to welcome the new CEO.

I’m having a nice time here in Bali.

We’ll have a swim after the photoshoot.

I had a dream, but I forgot it when I woke up.

We’re having a baby!

Please have a look at the new plan.

I haven’t a clue how this new TV works.

Ejercicios con el  Verbo auxiliar have got y have

Escoge la opción correcta para las frases que aparecen a continuación. Algunas veces será una sola respuesta pero, en otras ocasiones, podrán ser las dos.

  1. My father usually goes fishing on Saturday morning. He _____ breakfast on that day.
    a.hasn’t got         b.doesn’t have
  2. We _____ a car, so we commute every day to go to school.
    a.don’t have          b.haven’t got
  3. My family _____ a great vacation in Bali last year. It was so memorable.
    a.had         b.had got
  4. Mary_____ a little house near the beach. It’s so relaxing to stay there.
    a.has         b.has got
  5. Will you _____ time to visit your parents next month? They really miss you.
    a.have got         b.have
  6. My house isn’t big enough for all you. We _____ enough rooms for all.
    a.haven’t got         b.don’t have
  7. Every morning, I _____ a cup of coffee before going to work.
    a.have got         b.have
  8. Our house is getting smaller now that our family is getting bigger. We _____ to buy a new house.
    a.have         b.have got
  9. I’d like to go to the beach and _____ a swim. It’s so hot today.
    a.have         b.have got
  10. Jenny is only twenty, but she _____ two kids.
    a.has got         b.has

Solución: 1 b, 2 a/b, 3 a, 4 a/b, 5 b, 6 a/b, 7 b, 8 a, 9 a, 10 a/b

Rellena los huecos con has/have /has got/have got/had y las formas negativas si es necesario.

  1. I was so busy yesterday I _____ time to go shopping.
  2. My sister doesn’t know how to drive, but she _____ a new car.
  3. Liza was absent the other day. She _____ a terrible stomachache.
  4. When she arrived in the office, she asked me, “Do you _____ something to eat? I’m so hungry?”
  5. The workers did a really good job. The manager to decide to _____ party for them.
  6. Enjoy your vacation. _____ a great time!
  7. I’m running out of time; I’ll _____ a sandwich, please.
  8. Melanie ______ a new boyfriend. She introduced him to us yesterday.
  9. Excuse, let me _____ a look at the patient. I’m a doctor.
  10. Due to heavy rain, we nearly _____ an accident last night.

Solución: 1 didn’t have, 2 has got/has, 3 had, 4 have, 5 have, 6 Have, 7 have, 8 has got/has, 9 have, 10 had

Completa las oraciones usando has/has got y las palabras de la caja.

Expresiones con HAVE
have a glass of milk      have dinner     have a walk     have a slice of pizza
have a pain in my leg     have nothing to do     have a good time     have a new baby
  1. Before I go to bed, I always _________ .
  2. My father can’t drive me to work. He _________ ; he can barely walk.
  3. It’s already past 7 in the evening. Let’s _________ .
  4. I’m bored today. I _________ . I’m just being a couch potato.
  5. The moon is so bright tonight. Let’s _________ on the shore.
  6. Mila is going to Italy for a vacation. I’m sure she’ll _________ .
  7. I’m so happy for Ben and Ella. They’re _________ . Their family is growing.
  8. Who ordered these pizzas? Can I _________ ? Just a slice will do.

Solución: 1 have a glass of milk, 2 has a pain in his leg, 3 have dinner, 4 have nothing to do, 5 have a walk, 6 have a good time, 7 having a baby, 8 have a slice of pizza

Ejercicio Speaking con el Verbo auxiliar have got y have

  1. What is one thing that you would really like to have?
  2. Have you got a new car?
  3. Do you have any plans for buying something for yourself before this year ends?
  4. Tell me about a nice holiday or day off you had recently.
  5. How do you like to pass the time when you have nothing important to do?

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