En esta lección aprenderemos los diferentes pronombres indefinidos que usan los hablantes de inglés y cómo se usa cada pronombre en la oración.
Los pronombres indefinidos no se refieren a una persona, cosa o lugar específico.
Estos pronombres van precedidos de some, any, every y no.
|no matter what person||Anybody/Anyone can join the competition as long as he’s a resident of this area.|
|anywhere||no matter what place||I can’t think of a good place to go. Anywhere will do for me.|
|anything||no matter what thing||Do you have anything to say to the group?|
|Someone told me that the gold was stolen.|
|somewhere||an unknown/unspecified place||Are you going somewhere? Can I come?|
|something||an unspecified/unknown thing||There’s something in your hair. I think it’s a spider!|
|all people||Don’t expect everybody to like you. We can’t please everyone.|
|everywhere||all places||Please don’t follow me everywhere I go.|
|everything||all things||Everything seemed fine until you said something that confused everyone.|
|no person||Nobody is allowed to come inside without further instructions.|
|nowhere||no place||I don’t like my town. There’s nowhere to go for young people.|
|nothing||no single thing||There is nothing you can do to change my mind.|
En la mayoría (pero no en todas) las interrogaciones, se usa any.
Is there anything I can do for you?
Do you anything to say to me?
Does she need any help?
Se usa some cuando ofrecemos cosas.
Would you like some cake?
Would like something to eat?
Would you like to go somewhere with me?
Would you like someone to accompany you?
También podemos usar some y any sin un sustantivo.
I didn’t put any sugar in my coffee, but my husband put some in his.
I’ve made some juice. Would you like some?
Do you have some food? I’m so hungry. Can you give me some?
Evita las dobles negaciones cuando se usan pronombres indefinidos.
I don’t have nothing in my pocket. (x) (√) I have nothing in my pocket.
There isn’t nobody in here. (x) (√) There isn’t anybody/somebody in here.
They don’t have nowhere to go. (x) (√) They have nowhere to go.
Otros pronombres indefinidos comunmente usados
|another||an additional or different person or thing||I don’t like this color. Is there another?|
|each||every one of two or more people or things, seen separately||There are three cakes so we can all have one each.|
|either||one or the other two people or things||There are two versions. Either sounds great.|
|neither||not one and not the other of two people or things||I told both of them the truth, but neither believed me.|
|one||an unidentified person or thing||Those cookies look nice. Can I have one?|
|other||a different person or thing from one already mentioned||One of the girls was very tall, but the other was very short.|
|both||two people or things, seen together||I can’t choose between the black shirt and the grey shirt so I’m going to buy both.|
|others||other people; not us||Some people don’t care about the environment but others feel very strongly about it.|
|all||the whole quantity of something or some things or people||John said he doesn’t want any of these books because he’s read them all.|
|none||no person or persons; not any||We tried to book seats at the cinema but none were left.|
Ejercicios sobre Los pronombres indefinidos en inglés
Completa las oraciones usando los pronombres de la caja.
- This room is empty. There’s _______ inside. (nothing)
- I feel so bored. I want _______ to talk to. (someone)
- Lily lost her phone. She’s looking for it _______ . (everywhere)
- Are you going _______ for your vacation? (somewhere)
- I have _______ to go. It’s raining cats and dogs outside. (nowhere)
- We didn’t see _______ in the room to help us carry these boxes. (anybody)
- There’s _______ fishy about this meeting. They aren’t telling us things that we should know. (something)
- We don’t have _______ to eat. Can you spare me some? (anything)
- We invited _______ at the office to the party. (everyone)
- You can eat _______ that is on the table. (everything)
- He gave _______ to his best friend after he died. (everything)
- There was _______ home when I arrived. (nobody)
Elección múltiple. Elige la mejor respuesta sobre Los pronombres indefinidos en inglés
- My mother and I went shopping yesterday. I liked a bag I saw, but my mother didn’t like _______ . (anything)
- anything something c. everything
- I can’t go with you to the party tomorrow. I have _______ very important to do. (something)
- something anything c. everything
- _______ in our class passed the State Examinations. (Everyone)
- Everyone Everything c. Everywhere
- I called you an hour ago. _______ answered the phone. (Nobody)
- Nobody Everybody c. Anybody
- Can _______ carry these boxes? They’re too heavy for me. (anyone)
- anything anywhere c. anybody
- I didn’t go _______ on my holiday. I just stayed at home. (anywhere)
- anywhere nowhere c. everywhere
- I left my phone _______ in the office. I just forgot where exactly. (somewhere)
- anywhere nowhere c. somewhere
- Did you do _______ interesting this summer? (anything)
- everything anything c. something
- _______ ate my cookies! I just left them here on the table. Who ate them? (Somebody)
- everybody nobody c. somebody
- We can sit _______ we like. There are still a lot of vacant chairs. (anywhere)
- somewhere nowhere c. anywhere
Rellena los huecos con both, neither, either, none, o all.
- Lisa and Marie are funny. _______ of them make everyone laugh. (Both)
- The children are bored. _______ of them want to go home. (all)
- Sheila doesn’t like apples; Andy doesn’t like them, _______ . (either)
- My sister doesn’t like to go shopping. I don’t like to go shopping. _______ of us likes to go shopping. (Neither)
- _______ of us passed the test. Everyone failed. (None)
- _______ of my parents are teachers. My mom is an English teacher; my dad teaches Physics. (Both)
- The two men were just staring at the old woman carrying heavy bags. _______ of them helped her. (Neither)
- You can wear black or blue. _______ will do fine for the dinner party. (Either)
- _______ of this farm belongs to us. It’s the Smith’s. (None)
- Have you thought of going to Paris or New York? I can go to ____ of them; I don’t have enough money this summer. (neither)
Ejercicios de comunicación
- Do you like to go online shopping or shopping at the store? Explain further.
- Have you done anything weird in your life? Tell more about it.
- What do you think is better: having your own business, working for a company or both?
- Have you ever gone on a vacation alone? Is it better to be alone or with a companion?
- What is the wildest thing that you’ve wanted to do? Have you done it?