El mundo laboral en inglés

El mundo laboral en inglés; En esta lección aprenderemos el vocabulario de los diferentes tipos de empleos, las palabras que describen trabajos y la naturaleza de estos trabajos.

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Tipos de horarios en el mundo laboral en inglés

Horas de trabajo Significado
nine to five work that begins at nine in the morning and ends at five in the afternoon, from Monday to Friday – usually office work
shift a period of time, day or night, during which a group of workers do a job
night shift a period in the night during which a group of people work
back shift a period of work that begins in the afternoon and usually ends before 12 o’clock at night; or the people who work at this time; also known as swing shift
graveyard shift a period of work that begins late at night and ends early in the morning
full-time job work for a full number of hours considered standard or normal
part-time job work fewer hours/day than normal
flexitime work in which you can choose when to start and finish, provided you work the number of hours in your contract
overtime work more than the required hours in the contract
permanent job a job that doesn’t finish at a period of time
temporary job a job that finishes at a period of time
zero-hours contract a job involving no guaranteed hours or work for the employee but secures the employee for the company

El mundo laboral en inglés. Tipos de horarios laborales

Tipos de trabajos

Trabajos Significado
administrative relating to the work of managing or organizing a business or business activity
clerk a person who works in an office, dealing with records or performing general office duties
executive someone in a high position, especially in business, who makes decision and puts them into action
freelance doing particular pieces of work for different organizations, rather than working all the time for a single organization
marzipan layer the people who have jobs just below the highest level in a company or organization but do very important work in the company
office junior a young person, who has recently left school, who works in an office doing mainly unskilled jobs
secretary someone who works in an office, writing letters, making phone calls, and arranging meetings for a person or for an organization
self-employed not working for an employee but finding work for yourself or having your own business
telecommuting the activity of working at home, while communicating with your office by phone or email, using the internet
virtual assistant someone who works as an assistant for several companies form their own home or office using the internet
blue-collar workers who do work needing strength or physical skill rather than office work
pink-collar works that is traditionally done by a woman
white-collar relating to people who work on offices, doing work that needs mental rather than physical effort

Adjetivos que describen un trabajo:

… is interesting satisfying, motivating, fascinating, exciting, stimulating
… isn’t interesting dull, boring, uninteresting, unstimulating
… involves the same things again and again repetitive, routine
… difficult and tiring tiring, hard, tough, demanding

La naturaleza del trabajo en el mundo laboral en inglés

My work involves + noun

long hours


long meetings

+ -ing

problem solving

traveling a lot

dealing with customer

Ejercicios sobre el mundo laboral en inglés


  • Elección múltiple. Elige la mejor respuesta.
  1. My sister has the highest position in the company. She makes decisions about the business and puts them into action. She is a/an __________. (executive)
  2. freelance worker executive                      c. clerk
  3. David is a photographer. He works for several companies and organizations. He doesn’t want to work for a single organization all the time. He is a/an __________. (freelance worker)
  4. executive freelance worker        c. clerk
  5. I’m working in the comfort of my home. I communicate with my office by phone or email using the internet. I am a/an __________. (telecommuter)
  6. self-employed worker telecommuter             c. secretary
  7. Daisy works in an office. She writes letter, makes phone calls and arrange meeting for her boss. She is a/an __________. (secretary)
  8. virtual assistant telecommuter             c. secretary
  9. My husband doesn’t have a boss. He works for himself, in fact, he has his own business. He is a/an __________. (self-employed)
  10. self-employed freelance worker        c. executive
  11. Sheila works for a lot of companies. She has many bosses. The good thing is she works at home using the internet. She is a/an __________. (virtual assistant)
  12. virtual assistant freelance                       c. self-employed
  13. They are workers who do work needing strength or physical skill rather than office work. They are __________. (blue-collar workers)
  14. white-collar workers pink-collar workers    c. blue-collar workers
  15. These are works typically done by women. (pink-collar workers)
  16. white-collar workers pink-collar workers    c. blue-collar workers
  17. They are workers who work in an office, doing work that needs mental rather than physical effort. They are _______. (white-collar workers)
  18. white-collar workers pink-collar workers    c. blue-collar workers


1.2 Une las palabras en A con las explicaciones en B.

1.       shift (g) a.       My sister works in a company but her contract ends after five months.
2.       nine to five (J) b.       John’s work starts at 1 pm and ends at 9 pm.
3.       back shift (b) c.       We need to meet the target, so we will work until 10 pm, instead until 5 pm.
4.       permanent job (d) d.       I work in the government, and I can work as long as I want.
5.       part-time job (e) e.       Mary works at the coffee shop in the morning, and she waits at the restaurant at night.
6.       flexitime (i) f.        My work schedule is 10 pm till 7 am.
7.       overtime (c) g.       I work at a factory but we have to work different periods of time depending on demand.
8.       night shift (h) h.       I start work when everyone else is going to bed and I get home when everyone else is going to work!
9.       temporary job (a) i.         My boss doesn’t care about our schedules as long as we can produce results and hit our quotas.
10.   graveyard shift (f) j.         I work from Monday to Friday, 9 am to 5 pm.


  • Completa las oraciones con la forma correcta de las palabras entre paréntesis.
  1. I love my job. It is very _________ (satisfy). My job involves _________ (travel) a lot. I get to meet a lot of people. It is very _________ (tire), but I like _________ (deal) with people from all walks of life. (satisfying, traveling, tiring, dealing)
  2. My husband loves _________ (work) with numbers. However, nowadays, he feels _________ (bore) with it. Everything seems repetitive. It is becoming _________ (uninterest). (working, bored, uninteresting)
  3. Harry’s job is very _________ (demand). It is very _________ (stimulate) and not at all _________ (repeat). (demanding, stimulating, repetitive)
  4. Working in an investment company is mentally _________ (tire), but I love my job. It’s not _________ (bore) at all. (tiring, boring)
  5. Jean’s job involves _________ (talk) with different managers of different companies. She finds it very _________ (challenge) and _________(interest). (talking, challenging, interesting)

Ejercicio de comunicación sobre el mundo laboral en inglés

  1. What kind/s of part-time jobs have you tried?
  2. Do you have a full-time job now? What do you do?
  3. Is there a flexitime in your company?
  4. How often do you work overtime?
  5. Do you also work in different shifts?
  6. Which do you like better: the regular nine to five work schedule or the graveyard/night shift?