Procesos de reclutamiento y selección: Vocabulario; En esta lección aprenderemos el vocabulario relacionado con los procesos de selección y reclutamiento para los solicitantes de empleo.
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¿Qué es recruitment? ¿Qué es hiring? Procesos de reclutamiento y selección
Recruitment is the process of finding the potential candidates with the right skills and qualifications for employment and encouraging them to apply for jobs in an organization. The main purpose of recruitment is finding the right people to add value to the company. Recruitment can be outsourced, meaning a company pays another company to do the recruitment.
Hiring is the process of offering the employment opportunity to a selected employee for an agreed salary.
Algunos términos relacionados con reclutamiento y contratación
|to employ||to hire||emplear; contratar|
|employee||someone who is paid to work for someone else||empleado|
|employer||a person or organization that employs people||empleador|
|recruitment agency/ employment agency||a business that is paid to find suitable workers for other companies and organizations||agencia de empleo|
|to headhunt||to convince someone to leave their job by offering job with more pay and a higher position||cazar talentos|
|headhunter||a person who tries to convince someone to leave their job by offering a job with more pay and a higher position||cazatalentos|
|recruitment consultant||someone whose job it is to give expert advice to companies looking for skilled or specialized employees||consultor de recursos humanos|
|hire||to pay someone to work for you||contratar|
|job interview||a meeting in which someone asks you questions to see if you are suitable for a job||entrevista de trabajo|
|job hopping||the practice of changing job very often||rotación laboral|
|job hunting||the activity of trying to find a job||búsqueda de empleo|
Naomi has just graduated from university, so she started job hunting.
The company has asked a recruitment agency to look for people to fill in the vacant positions they have.
Mark works as a headhunter. He’s been trying to convince my father to work for another company with more benefits.
The company employs around 150 people, including sales staff.
Selena has been job hopping a lot. She can’t stay in a job longer than six months.
¿Cómo solicitar un empleo?
In applying for a job, you start with checking job sites for any vacant post and its position. You apply for the job you think you are qualified for. You look at the company you are going to apply to. Fill out an application form. Make sure to prepare your curriculum vitae/resume and send it to the company. Other companies require a cover letter depending on the post.
Below is the list of the terms used in the application process:
|job sites||websites for recruiting people where jobs are offered and candidates can apply online through the site||páginas web de búsqueda de empleo|
|post||a job in a company or organization||puesto|
|position||a rank or level in a company, society or organization||posición, categoría laboral|
|apply for||make an official request for a job||solicitar un trabajo|
|apply to||make an official request to a company||solicitar a una empresa|
|application form||a form that you complete in order to apply for a job||formulario de solicitud|
|curriculum vitae||a short, written description of your education, qualifications, previous jobs and sometimes your personal interest. In the U.S., this is used when applying for academic teaching jobs||curriculum vitae|
|resume||a short, written description of your education, qualifications, previous jobs and sometimes your personal interest. In the U.S., this is used when trying to get a job||curriculum vitae|
|cover letter||a letter that accompanies your job application that you send with your resume as a way of presenting yourself to the company||carta de presentación|
El proceso de selección.
Most companies vary their selection process. After the applicant sends in their job application, the recruitment team look at the background of the applicants: their different job experience and their educational qualifications.
The most interesting job candidates are invited for an interview. The candidates are also asked to do written psychometric tests to assess their intelligence and personality.
After the test, the company make a shortlist of the candidates. Sometimes, they check their references. If the interviews are OK, the company offers the job to the applicant. If the applicant accepts the job, they are hired. The company only appoint someone if they find the right person.
Here is the list of terms used in the selection process:
|selection process||the process of choosing the person suited for the job||proceso de selección|
|background||the type of experience, training, education that an applicant has||experiencia y formación|
|job experience||the job that someone has had, the type of work they had done in the past||experiencia laboral|
|job application||an official request for a job||solicitud oficial de empleo|
|job candidate||a person being considered for a job||candidato|
|job interview||a meeting when an employer asks the person applying for a job some questions to see whether they would be suitable for the position||entrevista de trabajo|
|psychometric test||a test to show someone’s personality, mental ability, opinions, etc.; often used by companies to decide whether or not to hire someone||prueba psicométrica|
|shortlist||a list of people who have been judged the most suitable for a job||lista de candidatos|
|reference||a statement of someone’s abilities and character, usually given by a former employer||referencias|
|offer a job||to ask the job applicant to have the post he applied for||ofrecer el trabajo|
|turn the job down||refuse to accept the job||rechazar el trabajo|
|appoint||to choose someone officially for the job or responsibility||designar|
Ejercicios sobre procesos de reclutamiento y selección en inglés
- Rellena los huecos para completar la oración usando las palabras de la caja.
|psychometric test||hired||background||selection process|
|application letter||turn down||references||offered a job|
- The company has _______ Peter as their new finance manager. (hired)
- The applicants took the _______ to test their personality and mental ability. (psychometric test)
- The company checked the candidates’ _______ to see the type of job experience. (background)
- The applicant must write an ______ when applying for a job. (application letter)
- Harry ______ the job offered by ABC Inc. because of the conditions. (turned down)
- The company checked my ______ that I had included in my application to find out more information about me. (references)
- Lisa ______ me _____ in her new company. She wants me to work for her. (offered a job)
- Every company has different _____ , but the bottom line is, they have to hire people suited for the job. (selection process)
1.2 Une la columna A con la columna B
|1. curriculum vitae (b)||a. to choose someone officially for the job or responsibility|
|2. application form (d)||b. a short, written description of your education, qualifications, previous jobs and sometimes your personal interest.|
|3. post (e)||c. a list of people who have been judged the most suitable for a job|
|4. job site (h)||d. a form that you complete in order to apply for a job|
|5. position (f)||e. a job in a company or organization|
|6. cover letter (g)||f. a rank or level in a company, society or organization|
|7. shortlist (c)||g. a letter that accompanies a job application|
|8. reference (i)||h. a website where jobs are advertised|
|9. resume (j)||i. a statement about a person’s abilities and character, usually written by an employer|
|10. appoint (a)||j. In the U.S. this is used when trying to get a job|
- Elección múltiple. Elige la mejor respuesta.
- A person who tries to convince someone to leave their job by offering a job with more pay and a higher position. (headhunter)
a.headhunter b. employer c. recruiter
- A meeting in which someone asks you questions to see if you’re suitable for a job (interview)
a. interview b.conference c. talk
- A business that is paid to find suitable workers for other companies and organizations (recruitment Agency)
a. recruitment agency b. employment agency c. recruitment consultant
- The practice of changing job very often (job hopping)
a. job hopping b. headhunting c. employment
- The activity of trying to find a job (job hunting)
a.job hunting b.headhunting c. job hopping
- Someone who is paid to do a job, who is paid to work for someone else (employee)
a.employment b. employer c. employee
- A person or organization that employs people (employer)
a.employment b. employer c. employee
Ejercicio de comunicación en los Procesos de reclutamiento y selección
- At what age did you start job hunting?
- At what age did you get your first job? What was it like?
- Do you remember the first job interview you had? What was it like?
- How long did you stay in the company for your first job?
- Have you had bad experiences at job interviews?