Competencias y cualificaciones: Vocabulario en inglés; Al solicitar un trabajo, la mayoría o casi todas las compañías han establecido las cualificaciones necesarias de sus solicitantes para ocupar los puestos vacantes. Los puestos y las competencias tienen diferentes categorías.
En esta lección aprenderemos vocabulario relacionado con las competencias y cualificaciones profesionales.
Education y training: Competencias y cualificaciones
Getting a good paying job requires good education and various trainings that will add to your possibility of landing that job of your choice. Here are some words related to education and training:
|graduate||a person who has a first degree from a university or college||graduado|
|work experience||the experience that a person already has of working||experiencia laboral|
|university graduate||a person who has a first degree from a university or college||graduado universitario|
|university degree||an award conferred by a college or university||grado universitario|
|management training||activities and courses that are intended to develop and improve the skills of the managers of the company||formación para gerentes|
|in-house training||a training program for learning opportunities developed by the organization in which they are used||formación interna|
|qualification||an official record showing that you have finished a training course or have the necessary skills||título académico|
|management development||the process of improving the skills of the managers in a company|
If you are a university graduate and with work experience, you have more chances of getting the job you want.
You need the necessary qualification to get the promotion.
An in-house training was provided by the company for promoting the talents of the workers.
We sponsored the management training for our different managers.
Who are considered skilled and unskilled workers?. Competencias y cualificaciones
|Términos||Ejemplos de trabajadores||Significado|
|low-skilled||not having or needing a high level of skill or education|
|multi-skilled||able to do a lot of different things|
|semi-skilled||waiters, flight attendants, sales persons, security guards||does not require advanced training or specialized skills, but it does require more skills than an unskilled labor job; have a high school diploma but less than a college degree|
|skilled||law enforcement officers, financial technicians, nurses, sales representative, electricians.||having the abilities to do an activity or job well; capable of exercising judgment and have knowledge of the particular trade or industry they work; most likely have a college degree|
|unskilled||clerks, maids, fast food workers, janitors, parking lot attendants||having no particular work skills or having no education; their duties don’t require judgement|
|highly-skilled||engineers, software developer, paramedics, police officers, crane operators, truck drivers, cooks, accountants, doctors||having or involving a great deal of knowledge or skill in a particular area|
My father is an engineer. He is one of those highly-skilled workers working on the new bridge.
Even if he is an unskilled worker, he is proud of his job.
Flight attendants are semi-skilled workers but they have undergone special training.
Skilled workers are in great demand in this ever-changing industry.
What are the words used in JOB ADVERTISEMENTS?
|Good at working on their own||self-starter = can work effectively without being told|
proactive = taking actions or making changes yourself
self-driven = ability to make things by yourself
self-motivated = able to do things without being told
|Can work in a planned and orderly way||methodical = do things in a very ordered way|
systematic = doing things in an organized way
organized = able to plan things carefully and keep thing tidy
|Good with computers||computer-literate = able to use computers well|
computerate = another term for computer-literate
|Good with numbers||numerate = able to add, multiply, subtract and divide|
|Good at what they do||talented = with talent or skillful|
multi-talented = have many talents or skills
|Can work well with other people||people-oriented = able to get along with other people well|
team player = good at working closely with other people
Companies need people who can work on their own or with less supervision.
An organized worker can do things carefully. You can expect a clean workstation from him.
The new secretary is multi-talented and people-oriented. Our boss appreciated her work.
Jenny’s totally computerate. She’ll have an edge over the other candidates.
Ejercicios sobre Competencias y cualificaciones: Vocabulario en inglés
- Identifica los siguientes trabajadores según sus competencias o habilidades: SKILLED, UNSKILLED, SEMI-SKILLED and HIGHLY-SKILLED
- waiters electricians
- janitors nurses
- sales persons doctors
- fast food workers crane operators
- clerks maids
- flight attendant paramedics
- software developer sales representative
- law enforcement engineer
Skilled: law enforcement officers, nurses, sales representative, electricians
Unskilled: clerks, maids, fast food workers
Semi-skilled: waiters, flight attendants, sales persons
Highly-skilled: crane operators, paramedics, software developer, doctors, engineers
- Une la columna A con la columna B
|1. work experience (e)||a. a person who has a first degree from a university or college|
|2. university graduate (a)||b. an award conferred by a college or university|
|3. university degree (b)||c. an official record showing that you have finished a training course or have the necessary skills|
|4. management training (g)||d. the process of improving the skills of the managers in a company|
|5. in-house training (f)||e. the experience that a person already has of working|
|6. qualification (c)||f. a training program for learning opportunities developed by the organization in which they are used|
|7. management development (d)||g. activities and courses that are intended to develop and improve the skills of the managers of the company|
- Rellena los huecos con las palabras correctas de la caja para completar las oraciones.
|unskilled||education||management training||work experience|
- ______ should teach people how to be logical rather than preparing them for a specific job or for the job of their choice. (education)
- Most companies invest a large amount of money in _______ to improve the skills of their managers. (management training)
- Certain ______ should be met before one get a specific job. (qualifications)
- A ______ is someone’s ability to do something well because he/she has learned how to do things and also practiced it. (skill)
- The persons’ ________ is important in applying for a job because it gives information about what kinds of jobs that person has had. (work experience)
- A person is ______ because he can do an activity well and is capable of exercising his judgement well. (skilled)
- People who are _____ have a great deal of knowledge or skill in a particular area. (highly-skilled)
- People who are _____ have no particular work skills or might have no education. (unskilled)
Ejercicio de comunicación sobre Competencias y cualificaciones
- Do you know somebody who is a highly-skilled worker? What does he/she do?
- What about you? What kind of a worker are you? What do you do?
- Why do skilled workers get higher pay than the semi-skilled ones?
- Describe the work of your parents? What kind of workers are they?
- Why do you think your work experience is important when getting a job?