Vocabulario sobre el proceso de producción en inglés

Vocabulario sobre el proceso de producción en inglés; En esta lección aprenderemos vocabulario relacionado a la producción de productos.  


¿Cuál es la diferencia entre PRODUCT y PRODUCE?

Un producto (product) es algo que está hecho para ser vendido, algo que se elabora a través de un proceso industrial.

Produce se refiere a productos agrícolas. 

We sell a wide range of software products.

You shouldn’t believe what they say in the advertising for these products.

Local farmers and growers sell their produce at the weekly market.

I always try to buy fresh, organic produce.


Vocabulario relacionado con la producción en masa en inglés

Vocabulario sobre proceso de producción en inglés Significado Traducción
manufacturing plant an industrial site where goods are manufactured planta manufacturera
assembly line an arrangement in a factory where a product is made, in which workers have a specific job to complete before the next job is started by another machine/worker línea de montaje o de ensamblaje
automation the use of machines and computers in the operation without needing human intervention automatización
mass production the process of producing a lot of goods cheaply using machines producción en masa
cost-effective having good value for the amount of money paid económico/a; rentable
industrial robots a robot system used in the manufacturing; they are automated, programmable and capable of movement robots industriales
workshop a space in a building with tools and machines for repairing or making things taller
handmade made using your hands instead of machines hecho a mano
craft industry an industry where products are handmade by people who are skilled in a particular trade industria artesanal
labor-intensive needing a lot of workers to produce trabajo intensivo
churn out to produce something in large quantities often quickly or carelessly producir
production lines another term for assembly line líneas de producción
assemble to order production strategy where products ordered by customers are produced quickly and are customizable at a certain time montaje según catálogo
backlog a large number of things waiting to be done atraso de trabajo


Vocabulario relacionado con la capacidad y la producción en inglés

Vocabulario Significado Traducción
output an amount of something produced by a person, machine or factory producción
productivity a rate at which a person, company or country does useful work productividad
high productivity a large amount of output is produced with little input alta productividad
capacity a total amount that can be contained or produced capacidad
full capacity refers to the potential output that can be produced with equipment at a certain period of time pleno rendimiento; plena capacidad
overproduction producing something which is more than what is needed sobreproducción
glut oversupply of something which is more than what can be sold, needed or wanted excedente
shortage there is not enough of something escasez


 Ejercicios de Vocabulario sobre el proceso de producción en inglés

Une la columna A con la columna B.

  1. cost-effective (e)
  1. producing in large quantities often quickly and carelessly
  1. churn out (a)
  1. robot system replacing manpower in the manufacturing plant
  1. backlog (d)
  1. needs more workers to produce
  1. industrial robots (b)
  1. a large number of things needed to be done
  1. labor intensive (c)
  1. getting your money’s worth
  1. assembly line (j)
  1. producing a lot of goods using cheap materials
  1. mass production (f)
  1. using machines and computers
  1. craft industry (h)
  1. a kind of business where products are made using your hands
  1. handmade (i)
  1. creating something using the hands
  1. automation (g)
  1. similar to production line


1.2 Completa las oraciones usando las palabras de la caja.

capacity glut backlog overproduction labor-intensive
output shortage productivity industrial robots assemble to order
  1. The company’s _____ is the number of things that the plant/factory produces. (output)
  2. The ________ of the factory if the maximum amount it can produce. (capacity)
  3. The factory experiences _____ because there are too many things produced. (glut)
  4. The demand is high, but the produced goods are not enough, so the company experiences ______. (shortages)
  5. ______ measures how much is produced in relation to the number of employees. (productivity)
  6. There are many things waiting to be done. The factory has a _____ due to few workers reporting to work this week. (backlog)
  7. This kind of product is _______ , which needs a lot of workers to finish it. (labor-intensive)
  8. The business offers _______ products, so customers have the option to customize their expected outcome. (assemble to order)
  9. The factory uses ______, so no human force is needed to assemble such product. (industrial robots)

Ejercicio de comunicación

  1. How can you compare hand-made products to factory-made ones?
  2. Which is more labor-intensive: hand-made or factory-made products?
  3. Do you think automation makes the product more expensive?
  4. What is your opinion about industrial robots replacing human laborer?
  5. Do expensive products have better quality than the hand-made ones?